Kajian Penggunaan Analgetik pada Pasien Pasca Bedah Fraktur di Trauma Centre RSUP M. Djamil Padang

Handayani, Susi and Arifin, Helmi and Manjas, Menkher (2019) Kajian Penggunaan Analgetik pada Pasien Pasca Bedah Fraktur di Trauma Centre RSUP M. Djamil Padang. Jurnal Sains Farmasi & Klinis, 6 (2). pp. 113-120. ISSN 2407-7062

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.25077/jsfk.6.2.113-120.2019


Overcoming pain Post-surgical fracture is an important action to prevent chronic pain, reducing the length of treatment to improve the quality of life of patients. because it needs to study the use of analgesic patients Post-fracture surgery to be effective, beneficial and avoid side effects. The study aims to exam the use of analgesics which include type, dose, decrease in the degree of pain, and side effects caused. This study was a prospective descriptive study with an observational study using a crosssectional design. Sampling is used in a purposive sampling method, sources from medical records and interviews. The inclusion covers patients after fracture surgery from August to October 2018 who received analgesics without comorbidities. There were 45 patients, who used ketorolac injection 30 mg / 8 hours 31 patients (68.9%), tramadol injection 100 mg / 8 hours 13 patients (28.9%) and paracetamol tablets 3x500mg 1 patient (2.2%). From statistical analysis using the Wilcoxon assigned- rank test, there were significant correlations of a decrease in the degree of pain, where p <0.05. From the study concluded the most analgesic ketorolac injection 30 mg / 8 hours, can reduce pain from being mild 45.2%, 51.6% did not change moderate pain. and 3.2% are still severe pain. Tramadol injection of 100 mg / 8 hours, decreases pain from severe to moderate 35.5%, weight to mild 61.5%. and paracetamol tablets 3x500mg at 100% mild pain. With a decrease in overall pain level, it was 71.1%. As well as the side effects felt in the form of constipation (tramadol) as much as 13.33% and nausea vomiting (ketorolac) as much as 8.89%

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: analgesic; post-fracture surgery; RSUP M Djamil Padang
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Divisions: Fakultas Farmasi
Depositing User: Mr. Hariyono Tulsandi
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2020 06:09
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2020 06:09
URI: http://repo.unand.ac.id/id/eprint/36740

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